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American Standard Version (English)

Chapter 1

1. Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated

unto the gospel of God,

2 which he promised afore through his prophets in the holy scriptures,

3 concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the


4 who was declared [to be] the Son of God with power, according to the

spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead; [even] Jesus Christ

our Lord,

5 through whom we received grace and apostleship, unto obedience of faith

among all the nations, for his name's sake;

6 among whom are ye also called [to be] Jesus Christ's:

7 To all that are in Rome, beloved of God, called [to be] saints: Grace

to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

8. First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith

is proclaimed throughout the whole world.

9 For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of his

Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you, always in my prayers

10 making request, if by any means now at length I may be prospered by

the will of God to come unto you.

11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift,

to the end ye may be established;

12 that is, that I with you may be comforted in you, each of us by the

other's faith, both yours and mine.

13 And I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I

purposed to come unto you (and was hindered hitherto), that I might have

some fruit in you also, even as in the rest of the Gentiles.

14 I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to

the foolish.

15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you also

that are in Rome.

16. For I am not ashamed of the gospel: for it is the power of God unto

salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the


17 For therein is revealed a righteousness of God from faith unto faith:

as it is written, But the righteous shall live by faith.

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness

and unrighteousness of men, who hinder the truth in unrighteousness;

19. because that which is known of God is manifest in them; for God

manifested it unto them.

20 For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are

clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, [even] his

everlasting power and divinity; that they may be without excuse:

21 because that, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, neither gave

thanks; but became vain in their reasonings, and their senseless heart was


22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an

image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and

creeping things.

24 Wherefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts unto

uncleanness, that their bodies should be dishonored among themselves:

25 for that they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshipped and

served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.

26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile passions: for their women

changed the natural use into that which is against nature:

27 and likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman,

burned in their lust one toward another, men with men working unseemliness,

and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was due.

28 And even as they refused to have God in [their] knowledge, God gave

them up unto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting;

29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness,

maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malignity; whisperers,

30 backbiters, hateful to God, insolent, haughty, boastful, inventors of

evil things, disobedient to parents,

31 without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection,


32 who, knowing the ordinance of God, that they that practise such things

are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also consent with them that

practise them.

Chapter 2

1. Wherefore thou art without excuse, O man, whosoever thou art that

judgest: for wherein thou judges another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou

that judgest dost practise the same things.

2 And we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against them

that practise such things.

3 And reckonest thou this, O man, who judgest them that practise such

things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?

4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and

longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to


5 but after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up for thyself

wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;

6 who will render to every man according to his works:

7 to them that by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and

incorruption, eternal life:

8 but unto them that are factious, and obey not the truth, but obey

unrighteousness, [shall be] wrath and indignation,

9 tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that worketh evil, of

the Jew first, and also of the Greek;

10 but glory and honor and peace to every man that worketh good, to the

Jew first, and also to the Greek:

11 for there is no respect of persons with God.

12 For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without the

law: and as many as have sinned under the law shall be judged by the law;

13 for not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of

the law shall be justified:

14 (for when Gentiles that have not the law do by nature the things of

the law, these, not having the law, are the law unto themselves;

15 in that they show the work of the law written in their hearts, their

conscience bearing witness therewith, and their thoughts one with another

accusing or else excusing [them] );

16 in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men, according to my

gospel, by Jesus Christ.

17. But if thou bearest the name of a Jew, and restest upon the law, and

gloriest in God,

18 and knowest his will, and approvest the things that are excellent,

being instructed out of the law,

19 and art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light

of them that are in darkness,

20 a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having in the law the

form of knowledge and of the truth;

21 thou therefore that teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou

that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?

22 thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit

adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou rob temples?

23 thou who gloriest in the law, through thy transgression of the law

dishonorest thou God?

24 For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,

even as it is written.

25 For circumcision indeed profiteth, if thou be a doer of the law: but

if thou be a transgressor of the law, thy circumcision is become


26 If therefore the uncircumcision keep the ordinances of the law, shall

not his uncircumcision be reckoned for circumcision?

27 and shall not the uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfil the

law, judge thee, who with the letter and circumcision art a transgressor of

the law?

28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision

which is outward in the flesh:

29 but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the

heart, in the spirit not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of


Chapter 3

1. What advantage then hath the Jew? or what is the profit of


2 Much every way: first of all, that they were intrusted with the oracles

of God.

3 For what if some were without faith? shall their want of faith make of

none effect the faithfulness of God?

4 God forbid: yea, let God be found true, but every man a liar; as it is

written, That thou mightest be justified in thy words, And mightest prevail

when thou comest into judgment.

5 But if our righteousness commendeth the righteousness of God, what

shall we say? Is God unrighteous who visiteth with wrath? (I speak after

the manner of men.)

6 God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world?

7 But if the truth of God through my lie abounded unto his glory, why am

I also still judged as a sinner?

8 and why not (as we are slanderously reported, and as some affirm that

we say), Let us do evil, that good may come? whose condemnation is just.

9 What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we before laid

to the charge both of Jews and Greeks, that they are all under sin;

10 as it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one;

11 There is none that understandeth, There is none that seeketh after


12 They have all turned aside, they are together become unprofitable;

There is none that doeth good, no, not, so much as one:

13 Their throat is an open sepulchre; With their tongues they have used

deceit: The poison of asps is under their lips:

14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:

15 Their feet are swift to shed blood;

16 Destruction and misery are in their ways;

17 And the way of peace have they not known:

18 There is no fear of God before their eyes.

19. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it speaketh to them

that are under the law; that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world

may be brought under the judgment of God:

20 because by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified in his

sight; for through the law [cometh] the knowledge of sin.

21 But now apart from the law a righteousness of God hath been

manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets, being witnessed by

the law and the prophets;

22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ unto all

them that believe; for there is no distinction;

23 for all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God;

24 being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in

Christ Jesus:

25 whom God set forth [to be] a propitiation, through faith, in his

blood, to show his righteousness because of the passing over of the sins

done aforetime, in the forbearance of God;

26 for the showing, [I say], of his righteousness at this present season:

that he might himself be just, and the justifier of him that hath faith in


27 Where then is the glorying? It is excluded. By what manner of law? of

works? Nay: but by a law of faith.

28 We reckon therefore that a man is justified by faith apart from the

works of the law.

29 Or is God [the God] of Jews only? is he not [the God] of Gentiles

also? Yea, of Gentiles also:

30 if so be that God is one, and he shall justify the circumcision by

faith, and the uncircumcision through faith.

31 Do we then make the law of none effect through faith? God forbid: nay,

we establish the law.


Chapter 4

1. What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather, hath found

according to the flesh?

2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but

not toward God.

3 For what saith the scripture? And Abraham believed God, and it was

reckoned unto him for righteousness.

4 Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned as of grace, but as

of debt.

5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the

ungodly, his faith is reckoned for righteousness.

6 Even as David also pronounceth blessing upon the man, unto whom God

reckoneth righteousness apart from works,

7 [saying], Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, And whose

sins are covered.

8 Blessed is the man to whom, the Lord will not reckon sin.

9. Is this blessing then pronounced upon the circumcision, or upon the

uncircumcision also? for we say, To Abraham his faith was reckoned for


10 How then was it reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in

uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision:

11 and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness

of the faith which he had while he was in uncircumcision; that he might be

the father of all them that believe, though they be in uncircumcision, that

righteousness might be reckoned unto them;

12 and the father of circumcision to them who not only are of the

circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father

Abraham which he had in uncircumcision.

13 For not through the law was the promise to Abraham or to his seed that

he should be heir of the world, but through the righteousness of faith.

14 For if they that are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the

promise is made of none effect:

15 for the law worketh wrath; but where there is no law, neither is there


16 For this cause [it is] of faith, that [it may be] according to grace;

to the end that the promise may be sure to all the seed; not to that only

which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who

is the father of us all

17. (as it is written, A father of many nations have I made thee) before

him whom he believed, [even] God, who giveth life to the dead, and calleth

the things that are not, as though they were.

18 Who in hope believed against hope, to the end that he might become a

father of many nations, according to that which had been spoken, So shall

thy seed be.

19 And without being weakened in faith he considered his own body now as

good as dead (he being about a hundred years old), and the deadness of

Sarah's womb;

20 yet, looking unto the promise of God, he wavered not through unbelief,

but waxed strong through faith, giving glory to God,

21 and being fully assured that what he had promised, he was able also to


22 Wherefore also it was reckoned unto him for righteousness.

23. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was reckoned unto


24 but for our sake also, unto whom it shall be reckoned, who believe on

him that raised Jesus our Lord from the dead,

25 who was delivered up for our trespasses, and was raised for our


Chapter 5

1. Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God through our

Lord Jesus Christ;

2 through whom also we have had our access by faith into this grace

wherein we stand; and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

3 And not only so, but we also rejoice in our tribulations: knowing that

tribulation worketh stedfastness;

4 and stedfastness, approvedness; and approvedness, hope:

5 and hope putteth not to shame; because the love of God hath been shed

abroad in our hearts through the Holy Spirit which was given unto us.

6. For while we were yet weak, in due season Christ died for the ungodly.

7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: for peradventure for the

good man some one would even dare to die.

8 But God commendeth his own love toward us, in that, while we were yet

sinners, Christ died for us.

9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, shall we be saved

from the wrath [of God] through him.

10 For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the

death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, shall we be saved by his


11 and not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus

Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.

12 Therefore, as through one man sin entered into the world, and death

through sin; and so death passed unto all men, for that all sinned:--

13 for until the law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when

there is no law.

14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over them that

had not sinned after the likeness of Adam's transgression, who is a figure

of him that was to come.

15 But not as the trespass, so also [is] the free gift. For if by the

trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God, and the

gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound unto the many.

16 And not as through one that sinned, [so] is the gift: for the judgment

[came] of one unto condemnation, but the free gift [came] of many

trespasses unto justification.

17 For if, by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one;

much more shall they that receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of

righteousness reign in life through the one, [even] Jesus Christ.

18 So then as through one trespass [the judgment came] unto all men to

condemnation; even so through one act of righteousness [the free gift came]

unto all men to justification of life.

19 For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners,

even so through the obedience of the one shall the many be made righteous.

20 And the law came in besides, that the trespass might abound; but where

sin abounded, grace did abound more exceedingly:

21 that, as sin reigned in death, even so might grace reign through

righteousness unto eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Chapter 6

1. What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may


2 God forbid. We who died to sin, how shall we any longer live therein?

3 Or are ye ignorant that all we who were baptized into Christ Jesus were

baptized into his death?

4 We were buried therefore with him through baptism unto death: that like

as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we

also might walk in newness of life.

5 For if we have become united with [him] in the likeness of his death,

we shall be also [in the likeness] of his resurrection;

6 knowing this, that our old man was crucified with [him], that the body

of sin might be done away, that so we should no longer be in bondage to


7 for he that hath died is justified from sin.

8 But if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with


9 knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death no

more hath dominion over him.

10 For the death that he died, he died unto sin once: but the life that

he liveth, he liveth unto God.

11 Even so reckon ye also yourselves to be dead unto sin, but alive unto

God in Christ Jesus.

12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey

the lusts thereof:

13 neither present your members unto sin [as] instruments of

unrighteousness; but present yourselves unto God, as alive from the dead,

and your members [as] instruments of righteousness unto God.

14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under law,

but under grace.

15 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under law, but under

grace? God forbid.

16 Know ye not, that to whom ye present yourselves [as] servants unto

obedience, his servants ye are whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or

of obedience unto righteousness?

17 But thanks be to God, that, whereas ye were servants of sin, ye became

obedient from the heart to that form of teaching whereunto ye were


18 and being made free from sin, ye became servants of righteousness.

19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your

flesh: for as ye presented your members [as] servants to uncleanness and to

iniquity unto iniquity, even so now present your members [as] servants to

righteousness unto sanctification.

20 For when ye were servants of sin, ye were free in regard of


21 What fruit then had ye at that time in the things whereof ye are now

ashamed? for the end of those things is death.

22 But now being made free from sin and become servants to God, ye have

your fruit unto sanctification, and the end eternal life.

23 For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal

life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Chapter 7

1. Or are ye ignorant, brethren (for I speak to men who know the law),

that the law hath dominion over a man for so long time as he liveth?

2 For the woman that hath a husband is bound by law to the husband while

he liveth; but if the husband die, she is discharged from the law of the


3 So then if, while the husband liveth, she be joined to another man, she

shall be called an adulteress: but if the husband die, she is free from the

law, so that she is no adulteress, though she be joined to another man.

4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also were made dead to the law through the

body of Christ; that ye should be joined to another, [even] to him who was

raised from the dead, that we might bring forth fruit unto God.

5 For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were through

the law, wrought in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

6 But now we have been discharged from the law, having died to that

wherein we were held; so that we serve in newness of the spirit, and not in

oldness of the letter.

7. What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Howbeit, I had not

known sin, except through the law: for I had not known coveting, except the

law had said, Thou shalt not covet:

8 but sin, finding occasion, wrought in me through the commandment all

manner of coveting: for apart from the law sin [is] dead.

9 And I was alive apart from the law once: but when the commandment came,

sin revived, and I died;

10 and the commandment, which [was] unto life, this I found [to be] unto


11 for sin, finding occasion, through the commandment beguiled me, and

through it slew me.

12 So that the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and righteous, and


13 Did then that which is good become death unto me? God forbid. But sin,

that it might be shown to be sin, by working death to me through that which

is good;-- that through the commandment sin might become exceeding sinful.

14. For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under


15 For that which I do I know not: for not what I would, that do I

practise; but what I hate, that I do.

16 But if what I would not, that I do, I consent unto the law that it is


17 So now it is no more I that do it, but sin which dwelleth in me.

18 For I know that in me, that is, in my flesh, dwelleth no good thing:

for to will is present with me, but to do that which is good [is] not.

19 For the good which I would I do not: but the evil which I would not,

that I practise.

20 But if what I would not, that I do, it is no more I that do it, but

sin which dwelleth in me.

21 I find then the law, that, to me who would do good, evil is present.

22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:

23 but I see a different law in my members, warring against the law of my

mind, and bringing me into captivity under the law of sin which is in my


24 Wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me out of the body of this


25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then I of myself with

the mind, indeed, serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.

Chapter 8

1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them that are in Christ


2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus made me free from the

law of sin and of death.

3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh,

God, sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin,

condemned sin in the flesh:

4 that the ordinance of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not

after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

5 For they that are after the flesh mind the things of the flesh; but

they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.

6 For the mind of the flesh is death; but the mind of the Spirit is life

and peace:

7 because the mind of the flesh is enmity against God; for it is not

subject to the law of God, neither indeed can it be:

8 and they that are in the flesh cannot please God.

9 But ye are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit

of God dwelleth in you. But if any man hath not the Spirit of Christ, he is

none of his.

10. And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the

spirit is life because of righteousness.

11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwelleth

in you, he that raised up Christ Jesus from the dead shall give life also

to your mortal bodies through his Spirit that dwelleth in you.

12 So then, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the


13 for if ye live after the flesh, ye must die; but if by the Spirit ye

put to death the deeds of the body, ye shall live.

14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.

15 For ye received not the spirit of bondage again unto fear; but ye

received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

16 The Spirit himself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are

children of God:

17. and if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with

Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified

with [him].

18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy

to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed to us-ward.

19 For the earnest expectation of the creation waiteth for the revealing

of the sons of God.

20 For the creation was subjected to vanity, not of its own will, but by

reason of him who subjected it, in hope

21 that the creation itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of

corruption into the liberty of the glory of the children of God.

22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain

together until now.

23 And not only so, but ourselves also, who have the first-fruits of the

Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for [our]

adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.

24 For in hope were we saved: but hope that is seen is not hope: for who

hopeth for that which he seeth?

25 But if we hope for that which we see not, [then] do we with patience

wait for it.

26. And in like manner the Spirit also helpeth our infirmity: for we know

not how to pray as we ought; but the Spirit himself maketh intercession for

[us] with groanings which cannot be uttered;

27 and he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the

Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to [the

will of] God.

28 And we know that to them that love God all things work together for

good, [even] to them that are called according to [his] purpose.

29. For whom he foreknew, he also foreordained [to be] conformed to the

image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren:

30 and whom he foreordained, them he also called: and whom he called,

them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

31. What then shall we say to these things? If God [is] for us, who [is]

against us?

32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how

shall he not also with him freely give us all things?

33 Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that


34 who is he that condemneth? It is Christ Jesus that died, yea rather,

that was raised from the dead, who is at the right hand of God, who also

maketh intercession for us.

35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or

anguish, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?

36 Even as it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; We

were accounted as sheep for the slaughter.

37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that

loved us.

38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor

principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers,

39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to

separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Chapter 9

1. I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience bearing witness

with me in the Holy Spirit,

2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my heart.

3 For I could wish that I myself were anathema from Christ for my

brethren's sake, my kinsmen according to the flesh:

4 who are Israelites; whose is the adoption, and the glory, and the

covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the


5 whose are the fathers, and of whom is Christ as concerning the flesh,

who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

6. But [it is] not as though the word of God hath come to nought. For they

are not all Israel, that are of Israel:

7 neither, because they are Abraham's seed, are they all children: but,

In Isaac shall thy seed be called.

8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh that are children of God;

but the children of the promise are reckoned for a seed.

9 For this is a word of promise, According to this season will I come,

and Sarah shall have a son.

10 And not only so; but Rebecca also having conceived by one, [even] by

our father Isaac--

11 for [the children] being not yet born, neither having done anything

good or bad, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not

of works, but of him that calleth,

12 it was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.

13 Even as it is written, Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.

14. What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid.

15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I

will have compassion on whom I have compassion.

16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of

God that hath mercy.

17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, For this very purpose did I

raise thee up, that I might show in thee my power, and that my name might

be published abroad in all the earth.

18 So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will be hardeneth.

19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he still find fault? For who

withstandeth his will?

20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the

thing formed say to him that formed it, Why didst thou make me thus?

21 Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to

make one part a vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?

22 What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known,

endured with much longsuffering vessels of wrath fitted unto destruction:

23 and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of

mercy, which he afore prepared unto glory,

24 [even] us, whom he also called, not from the Jews only, but also from

the Gentiles?

25. As he saith also in Hosea, I will call that my people, which was not

my people; And her beloved, that was not beloved.

26 And it shall be, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye

are not my people, There shall they be called sons of the living God.

27 And Isaiah crieth concerning Israel, If the number of the children of

Israel be as the sand of the sea, it is the remnant that shall be saved:

28 for the Lord will execute [his] word upon the earth, finishing it and

cutting it short.

29 And, as Isaiah hath said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left

us a seed, We had become as Sodom, and had been made like unto Gomorrah.

30. What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, who followed not after

righteousness, attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is

of faith:

31 but Israel, following after a law of righteousness, did not arrive at

[that] law.

32 Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by

works. They stumbled at the stone of stumbling;

33 even as it is written, Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and

a rock of offence: And he that believeth on him shall not be put to shame.

Chapter 10

1. Brethren, my heart's desire and my supplication to God is for them,

that they may be saved.

2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not

according to knowledge.

3 For being ignorant of God's righteousness, and seeking to establish

their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.

4 For Christ is the end of the law unto righteousness to every one that


5 For Moses writeth that the man that doeth the righteousness which is of

the law shall live thereby.

6 But the righteousness which is of faith saith thus, Say not in thy

heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down:)

7 or, Who shall descend into the abyss? (That is, to bring Christ up from

the dead.)

8 But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, in thy mouth, and in thy

heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach:

9 because if thou shalt confess with thy mouth Jesus [as] Lord, and shalt

believe in thy heart that God raised him from the dead, thou shalt be


10 for with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the

mouth confession is made unto salvation.

11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be put

to shame.

12. For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek: for the same [Lord]

is Lord of all, and is rich unto all that call upon him:

13 for, Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and

how shall they believe in him whom they have not heard? and how shall they

hear without a preacher?

15 and how shall they preach, except they be sent? even as it is written,

How beautiful are the feet of them that bring glad tidings of good things!

16 But they did not all hearken to the glad tidings. For Isaiah saith,

Lord, who hath believed our report?

17 So belief [cometh] of hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ.

18 But I say, Did they not hear? Yea, verily, Their sound went out into

all the earth, And their words unto the ends of the world.

19 But I say, Did Israel not know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you

to jealousy with that which is no nation, With a nation void of

understanding will I anger you.

20 And Isaiah is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me

not; I became manifest unto them that asked not of me.

21 But as to Israel he saith, All the day long did I spread out my hands

unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.

Chapter 11

1. I say then, Did God cast off his people? God forbid. For I also am an

Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.

2 God did not cast off his people which he foreknew. Or know ye not what

the scripture saith of Elijah? how he pleadeth with God against Israel:

3 Lord, they have killed thy prophets, they have digged down thine

altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life.

4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have left for myself seven

thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to Baal.

5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to

the election of grace.

6 But if it is by grace, it is no more of works: otherwise grace is no

more grace.

7 What then? that which Israel seeketh for, that he obtained not; but the

election obtained it, and the rest were hardened:

8 according as it is written, God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that

they should not see, and ears that they should not hear, unto this very


9 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, And a

stumblingblock, and a recompense unto them:

10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, And bow thou down

their back always.

11 I say then, Did they stumble that they might fall? God forbid: but by

their fall salvation [is come] unto the Gentiles, to provoke them to


12 Now if their fall, is the riches of the world, and their loss the

riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?

13 But I speak to you that are Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle

of Gentiles, I glorify my ministry;

14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy [them that are] my flesh,

and may save some of them.

15 For if the casting away of them [is] the reconciling of the world,

what [shall] the receiving [of them be], but life from the dead?

16 And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is

holy, so are the branches.

17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and thou, being a wild

olive, wast grafted in among them, and didst become partaker with them of

the root of the fatness of the olive tree;

18 glory not over the branches: but if thou gloriest, it is not thou that

bearest the root, but the root thee.

19 Thou wilt say then, Branches were broken off, that I might be grafted


20 Well; by their unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by thy

faith. Be not highminded, but fear:

21 for if God spared not the natural branches, neither will he spare


22 Behold then the goodness and severity of God: toward them that fell,

severity; but toward thee, God's goodness, if thou continue in his

goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.

23 And they also, if they continue not in their unbelief, shall be

grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again.

24 For if thou wast cut out of that which is by nature a wild olive tree,

and wast grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree; how much more

shall these, which are the natural [branches], be grafted into their own

olive tree?

25 For I would not, brethren, have you ignorant of this mystery, lest ye

be wise in your own conceits, that a hardening in part hath befallen

Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in;

26 and so all Israel shall be saved: even as it is written, There shall

come out of Zion the Deliverer; He shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:

27 And this is my covenant unto them, When I shall take away their sins.

28 As touching the gospel, they are enemies for your sake: but as

touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sake.

29 For the gifts and the calling of God are not repented of.

30 For as ye in time past were disobedient to God, but now have obtained

mercy by their disobedience,

31 even so have these also now been disobedient, that by the mercy shown

to you they also may now obtain mercy.

32 For God hath shut up all unto disobedience, that he might have mercy

upon all.

33. O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God!

how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past tracing out!

34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his


35 or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him


36 For of him, and through him, and unto him, are all things. To him [be]

the glory for ever. Amen.

Chapter 12

1. I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present

your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, [which is] your

spiritual service.

2 And be not fashioned according to this world: but be ye transformed by

the renewing of your mind, and ye may prove what is the good and acceptable

and perfect will of God.

3 For I say, through the grace that was given me, to every man that is

among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but

to think as to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to each man a

measure of faith.

4 For even as we have many members in one body, and all the members have

not the same office:

5 so we, who are many, are one body in Christ, and severally members one

of another.

6 And having gifts differing according to the grace that was given to us,

whether prophecy, [let us prophesy] according to the proportion of our


7 or ministry, [let us give ourselves] to our ministry; or he that

teacheth, to his teaching;

8 or he that exhorteth, to his exhorting: he that giveth, [let him do it]

with liberality; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that showeth mercy,

with cheerfulness.

9 Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that

which is good.

10 In love of the brethren be tenderly affectioned one to another; in

honor preferring one another;

11 in diligence not slothful; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord;

12 rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing stedfastly in


13 communicating to the necessities of the saints; given to hospitality.

14 Bless them that persecute you; bless, and curse not.

15 Rejoice with them that rejoice; weep with them that weep.

16 Be of the same mind one toward another. Set not your mind on high

things, but condescend to things that are lowly. Be not wise in your own


17 Render to no man evil for evil. Take thought for things honorable in

the sight of all men.

18 If it be possible, as much as in you lieth, be at peace with all men.

19 Avenge not yourselves, beloved, but give place unto the wrath [of

God]: for it is written, Vengeance belongeth unto me; I will recompense,

saith the Lord.

20 But if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him to drink:

for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head.

21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

Chapter 13

1. Let every soul be in subjection to the higher powers: for there is no

power but of God; and the [powers] that be are ordained of God.

2 Therefore he that resisteth the power, withstandeth the ordinance of

God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves judgment.

3 For rulers are not a terror to the good work, but to the evil. And

wouldest thou have no fear of the power? do that which is good, and thou

shalt have praise from the same:

4 for he is a minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which

is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is a

minister of God, an avenger for wrath to him that doeth evil.

5 Wherefore [ye] must needs be in subjection, not only because of the

wrath, but also for conscience' sake.

6 For this cause ye pay tribute also; for they are ministers of God's

service, attending continually upon this very thing.

7. Render to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute [is due]; custom to

whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.

8 Owe no man anything, save to love one another: for he that loveth his

neighbor hath fulfilled the law.

9 For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou

shalt not steal, Thou shalt not covet, and if there be any other

commandment, it is summed up in this word, namely, Thou shalt love thy

neighbor as thyself.

10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbor: love therefore is the fulfilment

of the law.

11. And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake

out of sleep: for now is salvation nearer to us than when we [first]


12 The night is far spent, and the day is at hand: let us therefore cast

off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light.

13 Let us walk becomingly, as in the day; not in revelling and

drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and jealousy.

14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the

flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].

Chapter 14

1. But him that is weak in faith receive ye, [yet] not for decision of


2 One man hath faith to eat all things: but he that is weak eateth herbs.

3 Let not him that eateth set at nought him that eateth not; and let not

him that eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him.

4 Who art thou that judgest the servant of another? to his own lord he

standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be made to stand; for the Lord hath

power to make him stand.

5 One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day

[alike]. Let each man be fully assured in his own mind.

6 He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord: and he that

eateth, eateth unto the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth

not, unto the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.

7 For none of us liveth to himself, and none dieth to himself.

8 For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; or whether we die, we die

unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's.

9 For to this end Christ died and lived [again], that he might be Lord of

both the dead and the living.

10 But thou, why dost thou judge thy brother? or thou again, why dost

thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the

judgment-seat of God.

11 For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, to me every knee shall

bow, And every tongue shall confess to God.

12 So then each one of us shall give account of himself to God.

13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge ye this

rather, that no man put a stumblingblock in his brother's way, or an

occasion of falling.

14 I know, and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of

itself: save that to him who accounteth anything to be unclean, to him it

is unclean.

15 For if because of meat thy brother is grieved, thou walkest no longer

in love. Destroy not with thy meat him for whom Christ died.

16 Let not then your good be evil spoken of:

17 for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness

and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.

18 For he that herein serveth Christ is well-pleasing to God, and

approved of men.

19 So then let us follow after things which make for peace, and things

whereby we may edify one another.

20 Overthrow not for meat's sake the work of God. All things indeed are

clean; howbeit it is evil for that man who eateth with offence.

21 It is good not to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor [to do anything]

whereby thy brother stumbleth.

22 The faith which thou hast, have thou to thyself before God. Happy is

he that judgeth not himself in that which he approveth.

23 But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because [he eateth] not

of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin.

Chapter 15

1. Now we that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and

not to please ourselves.

2 Let each one of us please his neighbor for that which is good, unto


3 For Christ also pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The

reproaches of them that reproached thee fell upon me.

4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our

learning, that through patience and through comfort of the scriptures we

might have hope.

5. Now the God of patience and of comfort grant you to be of the same mind

one with another according to Christ Jesus:

6 that with one accord ye may with one mouth glorify the God and Father

of our Lord Jesus Christ.

7. Wherefore receive ye one another, even as Christ also received you, to

the glory of God.

8 For I say that Christ hath been made a minister of the circumcision for

the truth of God, that he might confirm the promises [given] unto the


9 and that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is

written, Therefore will I give praise unto thee among the Gentiles, And

sing unto thy name.

10 And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people.

11 And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; And let all the peoples

praise him.

12 And again, Isaiah saith, There shall be the root of Jesse, And he that

ariseth to rule over the Gentiles; On him shall the Gentiles hope.

13. Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that

ye may abound in hope, in the power of the Holy Spirit.

14. And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye yourselves

are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one


15 But I write the more boldly unto you in some measure, as putting you

again in remembrance, because of the grace that was given me of God,

16 that I should be a minister of Christ Jesus unto the Gentiles,

ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might

be made acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Spirit.

17. I have therefore my glorifying in Christ Jesus in things pertaining to


18 For I will not dare to speak of any things save those which Christ

wrought through me, for the obedience of the Gentiles, by word and deed,

19 in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Holy Spirit; so

that from Jerusalem, and round about even unto Illyricum, I have fully

preached the gospel of Christ;

20 yea, making it my aim so to preach the gospel, not where Christ was

[already] named, that I might not build upon another man's foundation;

21 but, as it is written, They shall see, to whom no tidings of him came,

And they who have not heard shall understand.

22. Wherefore also I was hindered these many times from coming to you:

23 but now, having no more any place in these regions, and having these

many years a longing to come unto you,

24 whensoever I go unto Spain (for I hope to see you in my journey, and

to be brought on my way thitherward by you, if first in some measure I

shall have been satisfied with your company)--

25 but now, I [say], I go unto Jerusalem, ministering unto the saints.

26 For it hath been the good pleasure of Macedonia and Achaia to make a

certain contribution for the poor among the saints that are at Jerusalem.

27 Yea, it hath been their good pleasure; and their debtors they are. For

if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, they

owe it [to them] also to minister unto them in carnal things.

28 When therefore I have accomplished this, and have sealed to them this

fruit, I will go on by you unto Spain.

29 And I know that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of

the blessing of Christ.

30. Now I beseech you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ, and by the love

of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers to God for


31 that I may be delivered from them that are disobedient in Judaea, and

[that] my ministration which [I have] for Jerusalem may be acceptable to

the saints;

32 that I may come unto you in joy through the will of God, and together

with you find rest.

33 Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.

Chapter 16

1. I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church

that is at Cenchreae:

2 that ye receive her in the Lord, worthily of the saints, and that ye

assist her in whatsoever matter she may have need of you: for she herself

also hath been a helper of many, and of mine own self.

3 Salute Prisca and Aquila my fellow-workers in Christ Jesus,

4 who for my life laid down their own necks; unto whom not only I give

thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles:

5 and [salute] the church that is in their house. Salute Epaenetus my

beloved, who is the first-fruits of Asia unto Christ.

6 Salute Mary, who bestowed much labor on you.

7 Salute Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen, and my fellow-prisoners, who

are of note among the apostles, who also have been in Christ before me.

8 Salute Ampliatus my beloved in the Lord.

9 Salute Urbanus our fellow-worker in Christ, and Stachys my beloved.

10 Salute Apelles the approved in Christ. Salute them that are of the

[household] of Aristobulus.

11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. Salute them of the [household] of

Narcissus, that are in the Lord.

12 Salute Tryphaena and Tryphosa, who labor in the Lord. Salute Persis

the beloved, who labored much in the Lord.

13 Salute Rufus the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

14 Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brethren

that are with them.

15 Salute Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and

all the saints that are with them.

16 Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ salute


17. Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them that are causing the divisions

and occasions of stumbling, contrary to the doctrine which ye learned: and

turn away from them.

18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Christ, but their own belly;

and by their smooth and fair speech they beguile the hearts of the


19 For your obedience is come abroad unto all men. I rejoice therefore

over you: but I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple

unto that which is evil.

20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The

grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

21. Timothy my fellow-worker saluteth you; and Lucius and Jason and

Sosipater, my kinsmen.

22 I Tertius, who write the epistle, salute you in the Lord.

23 Gaius my host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the

treasurer of the city saluteth you, and Quartus the brother.

24 [The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.]

25. Now to him that is able to establish you according to my gospel and

the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery

which hath been kept in silence through times eternal,

26 but now is manifested, and by the scriptures of the prophets,

according to the commandment of the eternal God, is made known unto all the

nations unto obedience of faith:

27 to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory for

ever. Amen.

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